Lake Mburo National Park contains an extensive area of wetland, resulting in a unique and varied ecosystem. The park receives an average rainfall of 800 mm per year, feeding its lakes and swamps throughout the park. Its mosaic of habitats attracts species of mammals and birds found nowhere else in Uganda. From acacia woodland to swamps, to grassy savannahs and lakes, the park supports a wealth of wildlife.
The green acacia woodland surrounding the lakes provides shelter to 68 different species of mammals, including zebra, topi, warthog, buffalo, impala, roan, leopard, hyena, jackal, and the last surviving Ugandan population of eland. 15 Rothchild’s Giraffes were introduced into the park in 2015 and there are now over 30 roaming its plains.
The birdlife around the swamp-fringed lakes is prolific, the park teeming with 310 recorded bird species, including 60 specialist water birds. The open water birds include; pink-backed pelican, darter, white-winged black tern, and the greater cormorant. Lakeshore and swamp birds include the fish eagle, pied kingfisher, African finfoot, white-backed heron, and night heron.