The Great Zimbabwe Ruins, approximately 30 km from Masvingo, are the country’s prime national monument. It covers about 720 hectares with its huge granite walls, conical towers and fortresses. Ancient iron tools, ceramics, pottery, gold and carvings have been discovered in the ruins. There is a museum nearby that holds the archaeological findings. It is believed that the Great Zimbabwe Ruins took over 300 years to create in the early 11th Century, home to over 18 000 people. It was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1986 for its architecture and archeology. Enjoy a historic journey during your visit, with guided tours run daily through the area.