The history of the Gemsbok National Park in Botswana is important: it was established in 1931 with the aim of protecting the migrating game; namely the Gemsbok. At that time the Gemsbok population was suffering immensely from poaching – and it was all but teetering on extinction. The Gemsbok National Park Project has protected the species and has allowed the numbers to increase rapidly over the years. Visiting the Botswana Gemsbok National Park on safari can help the conservation continue, as park fees go towards the continuation of the protection program.
Taking a Botswana safari through the Gemsbok region allows you access to about 38 000km2 of untouched nature reserve. Three-quarters of the park is situated within the borders of Botswana, and the remainder is in South Africa.
The Gemsbok National Park is part of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park – these two parks are separated by the Nossob River which is a dry river bed. There are no physical boundaries between these Parks (besides the international borderline) and thus they are treated as one ecological unit. The Kalahari Gemsbok National Park and the Gemsbok National Park in Botswana together form Africa’s first Transfrontier Park. The open border space allows for the seasonal migration of the wildlife as they search for water, and permits the animals and predators to roam freely. The area is a semi-desert region but still manages to support about 19 species of predators as well as about 200 bird species.
The entire area of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park has become a popular Botswana Safari destination. Most of the Botswana wildlife concentrates around the rivers for water. While on safari in Botswana, you will see most of the wildlife around the Nossob and Auob Rivers, which run through these parks and meet at the Twee River. The best time to visit this area tends to be between April and August (winter), where the days are mild and sunny. In summer the temperatures reach and exceed 40°C! The Gemsbok National Park offers you the opportunity to see many different species of African wildlife while on your Botswana safari, such as: Lions, Leopards, Wild Dogs, Cheetahs, Springboks, Gemsbok, Wildebeests, Brown and Spotted Hyenas, Eland and other Antelopes.